The most important means of transport
You can explore Munich a number of different ways – in addition to using your car or your bike, the state capital has an excellently developed public transport network, which consists of a U-Bahn (underground), tram, bus and S-Bahn (aboveground city railway).
The U-Bahn (underground) in Munich stops at almost all of the important places in the metropolitan area – and can be recognised by the blue ‘U’ signs. It mostly travels underground, but also travels aboveground in parts and is not inhibited by traffic – unlike the tram or the bus. In order to use the U-Bahn (underground), you need a valid ticket and you need to know where you want to get on and off. It is best to refer to the timetable information to work this out, which also tells you the price of your journey. Important: No U-Bahn trains run from 1-4 a.m. (Monday through Friday) and from 2-4 a.m. (Saturday and Sunday).
You will usually need to allow more time if you travel by tram than you would if travelling by U-Bahn (underground) as the tram stops more frequently (and therefore often brings you closer to where you are trying to get to). Trams also run in many areas where there is no U-Bahn connection. The tram is particularly practical at night: If the tram line has an ‘N’ (for example, ‘N16’ instead of ‘16’), it means it is a night tram and runs even when the U-Bahn (underground) is closed.
S-Bahn (aboveground city railway)
The buses are split into three categories. Metrobuses – with two-digit route numbers – connect the large transport hubs in different parts of the city. On the other hand, city buses – with three-digit route numbers – only run within a single area of the city and connect any gaps where connections are bad. Haidhausen, Giesing and Sendling are particularly well connected: they are served by the Expressbus (Route X30). All of the buses that MVG (Munich Transport Company) has put into operation in recent years are adapted to the needs of the disabled and have particularly low-pollutant engines with soot filters.
The Mittlere Ring (Munich ring road) is the city’s main traffic artery. If you are trying to drive in rush-hour traffic, you may need to be patient. Cars often only inch forward bumper to bumper. The environmental zone is located within the Mittlere Ring. Only cars with green emissions stickers are allowed to drive there. If you would like to park your car in the city, it is best to drive to one of the 24 car parks or the various parking zones in the boroughs. If you are driving from outside the city limits with your car and then using public transport, then the Park+Ride spaces are a good alternative.
With approximately 2.5 taxis per 1,000 inhabitants, Munich has the highest density of taxis in Germany. So you can conveniently get into a taxi at any corner – either by waving from the roadside, at one of the numerous taxi stands or by phoning one of the Munich taxi companies. However, travelling by taxi is not exactly a bargain in the state capital. On the other hand, at 1.70 euros for a one-kilometre journey, Munich is in the midrange in comparison with taxi prices in other German cities.
Staying mobile on the roads, but doing so without owning your own car – car sharing makes this possible. Several people share a vehicle and a provider is responsible for the organisation. There are different models and providers in Munich. But the principle is always the same: First of all, you find out via the internet or at a pick-up station whether a vehicle is free, book it and then park it again at the final destination in the provided spaces.
Cycling is healthy, fun and is often even the quickest way of getting around in the city. The cycle paths are continuously being extended. Munich’s cycle path network now encompasses over 1,200 kilometres. The distances between point A and B are usually not that great. And if you want more detailed information, the bicycle route planner allows you to find various routes to your destination. If you haven’t got the right means of transport yourself, there are plenty of options to hire a bike.
If you want to explore the city on foot, you can reach the most important points in the city centre within a short time. For many, Marienplatz is the central starting point. From there, it is only a few hundred metres to the city’s landmark, the Frauenkirche cathedral. Heading further west, the pedestrian area leads through to Karlsplatz, which is called ‘Stachus’ by the locals. You can truly feel the pulse of the city around the traditionally popular Stachus fountain.
Visitors with disabilities
Munich warmly welcomes tourists with disabilities. For deaf people, there is a special tour guide that includes different routes. This lets you experience the charms of Munich with a tour of Marienplatz, the Alter Hof and past the State Opera. There are accessible toilets in the centre, and in the city centre many of the traffic lights have additional features for blind people. If you have a valid stamp in your disabled person’s pass, then you can use the MVV (Munich's association of public transport authorities) for free..