Coronavirus: Current rules and restrictions in Munich
Corona rules: What applies in Munich and Bavaria
The currently valid 15th Infection Protection Measures Ordinance will be partially relaxed from January 27th: A 50% occupancy rate will then be permitted for culture, small events and cinemas and a limited number of spectators will be admitted again in professional sports. The hotspot rule remains suspended until Fenruary 9th. Here is all the information on the current rules and their impact on schools, restaurants, events, culture, leisure and sports.
New relaxation for culture, events and sports will apply from January 27th
On January 25th, the Bavarian cabinet decided on new relaxations of the corona rules, which will come into effect on January 27th:
Here is an overview on the upcoming changes:
- Culture, cinemas and events: The maximum occupancy in theatres, cinemas and events (with less than 1000 visitors) will increase to 50% (instead of the current 25%). The access rules (2G or 2G-plus and mask requirement) remain unchanged.
- No more matches behind closed doors: National sports events and concerts (with more than 1000 visitors) will be allowed again, the occupancy rate is limited to 25%, but a maximum of 10,000 spectators.
- Youth work: Underage students who are regularly tested will no longer need a vaccination or proof of testing for tasks in youth work or extracurricular education.
- The 2G rule in retail, which had already been temporarily suspended by the Bavarian Administrative Court, will be abolished. The FFP2 mask requirement and the 10 sqm rule remain unchanged.
- Exams, master classes and driving schools will be accessible with 3G
- In situations that previously required a negative PCR test (e.g. 2G for people who cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons), a negative antigen test will be sufficient.
- The corona hotspot rule for the incidence of over 1000 remains suspended up to and including February 9th. Even if the 7-day incidence of 1000 in Munich is exceeded, there won't be stricter lockdown regulations, e.g. in for restaurants and catering.
Rules for quarantine: duration, dispensation and test transmission
A quarantine period of 10 days has been in effect for contacts and isolated persons since January 11. A separate release by the health department is no longer necessary.
- In addition, there is the possibility of dispensation testing from the 7th day. Infected individuals must be symptom-free for at least 48 hours prior to testing. Affected individuals can self-test independently at any testing site of their choice via rapid test or PCR test. Self-testing is not sufficient.
- For employees in vulnerable facilities, free testing by PCR test or five days of daily negative rapid tests are required for return to duty after quarantine or isolation.
- For students and children in child care services, free testing is possible after five days if quarantined as a contact person (PCR test or rapid antigen test).
The early end of quarantine or isolation becomes effective immediately with the transmission of the negative test result to the City of Munich:
- Infected persons (index persons) submit the negative test result via the contact form on www.muenchen.de/ipentlassung.
- Contact persons submit the negative test result either via the contact form at www.muenchen.de/kpentlassung or by sending an e-mail to email@example.com.
Contacts: Restrictions also for vaccinated and recovered
Since Tuesday, December 28, new contact restrictions have been in effect in Bavaria, including for vaccinated and recovered persons.
- For private gatherings attended exclusively by vaccinated and recovered persons and children under 14 years of age, a limit of 10 participants applies (outside the gastronomy).
- Once an unvaccinated person is present, the contact restrictions for the unvaccinated apply. Then, private gatherings attended by unvaccinated and unrecovered persons are limited to the person's own household and no more than two persons from another household. Children under the age of 14 are exempt. Spouses, cohabiting partners, and partners in a non-marital partnership are considered one household, even if they do not share a residence.
Contact data collection is limited to focus areas at high risk of multiple infections (spreading).
- All closed events with 1,000 or more people
- body-related services
- Shared accommodation (e.g. dormitories in youth hostels or mountain huts).
- In all other areas, contact data collection is not required.
Culture: this applies to museums, cinemas, theaters and events
The 2G-Plus rule (access only for vaccinated and recovered persons with current negative test or booster vaccination) and FFP2 mask obligation apply in principle to events as well as cultural, sports and leisure facilities. The minimum distance must be observed and a maximum of 25% (NEW from January 27th: 50%) of the venue capacity may be used.
For the following facilities and events, the 2G rule is sufficient as an access requirement:
- Open-air sports facilities for a person's own athletic activity.
- Public and private outdoor events, excluding sports and cultural events
- Zoological and botanical gardens
- Memorial sites
- Amusement parks
- Excursion boats (outside the regular service)
- Guided tours in the open air
- Libraries and archives
- Cable cars
Children under the age of 14 are exempt from the 2G-Plus and 2G rule.
Spectators are no longer admitted to supraregional sporting events, especially the games of the national leagues. The same applies to large supraregional cultural events and comparable events. NEW from January 27th: Professional sporting events and major cultural events will be allowed with a maximum occupancy of 25% of the sports facilities or concert halls. The maximum limit is 10.000 spectators.
SUSPENDED UNTIL FEBRUARY 9TH: If the 7-day incidence exceeds 1000, recreational and cultural events are no longer permitted. Cultural venues must be closed.
Shopping and services: 2G suspended in retail
NEW from January 27th: The 2G rule (access only for vaccinated and cured persons), which had already been suspended temporarily, will be abolished for the entire retail trade. The mask requirement continues to apply.
Hairdressing, chiropody and other body-related services are permitted. The 2G rule applies. SUSPENDED UNTIL FEBRUARY 9TH: In hotspot regions with an incidence over 1,000, body-related services are prohibited.
In retail, a limit of one customer per 10 square feet of retail space has been in effect since 11/24. SUSPENDED UNTIL FEBRUARY 9TH: In hotspot regions with an incidence over 1,000, one customer per 20 square meters is allowed.
Outdoor markets are allowed to sell all merchandise. Supra-regional markets are permitted with appropriate protection and hygiene concepts.
Gastronomy: These are the regulations
- The 2G regulation generally applies. FFP2 masks are mandatory. The mask can be removed at the table. Underage students who are subject to regular testing as part of their school attendance are exempt from the 2G rule in the food service industry.
- Since Wednesday, 1 December, the 2G regulation in Munich also applies to outdoor gastronomy. The consumption of food and drinks is only permitted at the seat, outside the seat FFP2 masks are mandatory.
- A curfew of 10 p.m. and until 5 a.m. applies to restaurants, cafes and other food service establishments.
- SUSPENDED UNTIL FEBRUARY 9TH: If the incidence exceeds 1000, gastronomic establishments must close.
Alcohol consumption ban in pedestrian zone and at Viktualienmarkt
Since Wednesday, December 8, a ban on alcohol consumption has been in force in Munich's pedestrian zone and Viktualienmarkt from 11 a.m. to 11 p.m.. This was decided by the Staff for Extraordinary Events (SAE) under the leadership of Lord Mayor Dieter Reiter.
Lord Mayor Dieter Reiter: "It would be absolutely incomprehensible to cancel the Christkindlmarkt with its mulled wine stands because of Corona on the one hand, but at the same time continue to allow alcohol consumption in the heavily frequented areas in the city center. Therefore, in close coordination with the police, we have now issued a ban on alcohol consumption for the pedestrian zone and the Viktualienmarkt."
Mask obligation: Where FFP2 masks must be worn
The mask standard is the FFP2 mask. In schools and for children and adolescents, the already familiar special rules apply again (cloth mask in elementary school, otherwise medical mask).
In gastronomy the mask obligation does not apply at the place. In public transport and long-distance traffic, the mask obligation applies without exception. There are separate regulations for schools and daycare centers as well as retirement and nursing homes.
- FFP2 masks are compulsory in enclosed public spaces, even if access is regulated by 3-G-plus and 2G
- at open-air events with more than 1,000 people, FFP2 masks are also mandatory
- Where the 2G-plus rule applies, masks must be worn again at all events, even when seated.
Public transport: 3G rule for trains, buses and tram
Since November 24, the 3G rule has been in force throughout Germany for public transport and long-distance trains operated by Deutsche Bahn. Thus, also in Munich, passengers of the MVG and the MVV services in bus, tram, S-Bahn or subway must either be vaccinated, recovered or tested (max. 24 h old antigen or PCR test) and carry a corresponding proof. FFP2 masks are also mandatory.
Pupils (outside of vacation times) and children under 6 years are excluded.
Schools, daycare centers, colleges: What currently applies
NEW SINCE JANUARY 21ST: Due to the Omicron variant, the regulations at schools for quarantine, mandatory testing for positive cases, and contact tracing have been changed. Here you can find the new regulations in detail (in German)
The other regulations, including the mask requirement, remain in place
- Parents and other third parties may enter school grounds only in accordance with the 3G rule.
- Compulsory wearing of masks in the elementary school level and all secondary schools: Until further notice, the mask requirement in the school building will again apply during on-campus instruction, other school events, and lunch supervision. Elementary students may use cloth masks as before (a medical mask is recommended). Teachers and students in grade 5 and above are required to wear a medical mask ("surgical mask").
- The requirement to wear a mask also applies to indoor sports.
- There will be attendance classes regardless of incidence.
- Mandatory Testing: Unvaccinated teachers are subject to daily mandatory testing under supervision. In elementary schools and special schools focusing on mental development, physical and motor development, and vision, a PCR pool test ("Lollitest") is administered twice a week and an additional rapid test is administered on Monday. At secondary schools, a self-test is performed three times a week.
- NEW as of January 10, 2022: Children not yet enrolled in school may only participate in services offered by daycare centers, special education daycare centers, and daycare centers from the age of one if they participate in PCR pool testing at the facility or if their legal guardians provide proof of testing for them three times a week or credibly affirm that a self-test with a negative result was performed on the child no more than 24 hours ago.
- Daily testing is mandatory for employees in daycare centers.
- Third parties, for example parents, may only enter the premises according to the 3G regulation. Dropping off or picking up children is exempt.
- Since November 15, care in fixed groups has again applied in Munich's daycare centers. The regulation also applies to care outside regular opening hours in the so-called "marginal hours" before 8 am and after 5 pm. For organizational reasons, there may therefore be reductions in care times in the "off-peak hours". This is regulated individually by each provider or facility on the basis of local conditions.
- Three Corona tests are to be offered for each child per week of care or the free collection of self-tests from the pharmacies is to be made possible.
Institutions of higher education
- The 2G regulation applies in universities.
- In addition, the general mask obligation applies.
- However, according to the general rules, masks are also compulsory at the seat if the distance of 1.5 m is not maintained in the lecture halls.
- SUSPENDED UNTIL FEBRUARY 9TH: If the incidence exceeds 1000, universities may only offer lectures and seminars digitally.
Leisure: Bars and clubs are closed
- Bars, clubs, discotheques, brothels and similar establishments are currently closed again.
- Dancing events are also prohibited outside clubs and discotheques, unless they are sports activities.
- The 2G plus rule applies to recreational facilities such as saunas, pools or arcades.
- The opening of indoor swimming pools and saunas is permitted. Medical spas are also allowed to open. The 2G plus rule applies here (with the exception of "booster" facilities).
- The operation of amusement parks and comparable fixed recreational facilities is permitted. The 2G rule applies.
- City and guest tours, show caves, visitor mines, mountain, cultural and nature tours are permitted. The 2G plus rule applies (except "boostered"). The 2G rule applies in the open air.
- Libraries and archives may be opened. Access is subject to the 2G rule.
- The operation of cable cars, river and lake navigation in excursion traffic, as well as tourist rail transport and tourist coach transport are permitted.
- Gambling halls, casinos, betting shops are allowed to open.
Sports: What currently applies
- For indoor sports and sports facilities, the 2G-plus rule applies (except for "boostered" people). Since 15.12. the 2G-rule applies to outdoor sports facilities for own sporting activities
- This does not apply to underage students who are subject to regular testing as part of their school attendance when they participate in sports themselves.
- Outdoor sports (outside of sports facilities) are permitted without proof of testing.
What applies to public and private celebrations
- For private and public events in non-private premises - for example, birthdays or wedding celebrations - the 2G-plus regulation has been in effect since November 24.
- Since December 28, 2021, a limit of 10 people applies to private events outside private premises, for example, in rented premises, even for vaccinated and recovered persons.
- Celebrations in gastronomic establishments are excluded
Hotel industry: Info about overnight stays
- For accommodation providers, the 2G rule applies. Minor students who are subject to regular testing while attending school are exempt from the 2G rule in the lodging industry. Also exempt: Stays for professional or business purposes that cannot be postponed. Here, the 3G-plus rule applies - the negative PCR test proof must already be available upon arrival and renewed every 72 hours.
- SUSPENDED UNTIL FEBRUARY 9TH: In hotspot regions with an incidence of over 1000, accommodation establishments must close.
- In all other respects the general regulations apply in particular to the mask obligation
- Guests are allowed to use spa, therapy and wellness services offered by hotels, such as swimming pools.
Meetings, church services and trade fairs
In the future, church services and indoor gatherings under Article 8 of German Law can be held without the previous restrictions on the number of people if they are attended only by those who have been vaccinated, convalesced or tested.
Otherwise, the previous restrictions according to the number of places will remain. In the future, the mask requirement will be based on the general rules.
For trade fairs, the 2G plus rule has been in effect since Nov. 24.
Visiting rules for nursing & retirement homes
Due to the dynamic infection incidence, the city has issued a general decree to protect the particularly vulnerable group of residents of old people's and nursing homes as well as facilities for the disabled.
All visitors to nursing homes and homes for the elderly are required to provide proof of testing, regardless of their vaccination status. The proof can be provided by PCR tests, PoC antigen tests (free citizen testing) or by self-testing on site under supervision. Antigen testing must have been performed no more than 24 hours ago, and PCR testing no more than 48 hours ago.
Travel: These are the rules
Further regulations such as the obligation to register or the quarantine obligation depend on whether you are entering from a high-risk area or from a virus variant area.
Information on which states or regions are classified according to these categories can be found on the RKI website on a daily basis.
Obligatory testing for persons entering the country
- All persons 6 years and older entering Germany must be able to present a current proof of testing upon entry, unless they have been vaccinated or have recovered.
- After a stay in a virus variant area, the obligation to provide proof of a current PCR test also applies to vaccinated and recovered persons. Persons entering Munich must present their PCR result immediately, at the latest within 48 hours of entry, at firstname.lastname@example.org, unless they have already been PCR-tested at Munich airport if they are entering by air.
Obligation to register for entry
- All persons who wish to enter the Federal Republic of Germany and who have stayed in a high-risk area or virus variant area in the ten days prior to entry must always register via the digital entry registration. Further information can be found on the website of the Federal Ministry of Health.
- If typical symptoms of an infection with the coronavirus SARS CoV-2 such as cough, fever, rhinitis or loss of smell and taste occur within ten days after entry, the responsible district administrative authority (in Munich by e-mail to email@example.com) must be informed immediately.
Quarantine obligation for entrants
For those arriving from high-risk areas or virus variant areas, the obligation to undergo domestic quarantine in accordance with the regulations of the CoronaEinreiseV also applies directly after arrival.
Exceptions and further information in the FAQ of the Federal Ministry of Health.