Coronavirus: Current rules and restrictions in Munich
Coronavirus: New measures in Munich since September 2
Far-reaching changes in corona measures have been in effect in Bavaria since September 2. With the 14th Bavarian Infection Protection Measures Ordinance coming into force, the new "hospital signal light" replaces the incidence levels. Contact restrictions have been lifted, and the FFP2 mask requirement no longer applies. Here is all the information on the current rules and their impact on contacts, schools, restaurants, culture, leisure and sports.
"Hospital signal light" instead of incidence: this is how warning levels work
Since September 2, the 7-day infection incidence has been replaced by the new "hospital signal light" ("Krankenhaus-Ampel" in German) as an indicator of the burden on the health care system. Only for the application of 3G (from incidence 35 as a starting point) the 7-day infection incidence remains relevant.
The new "hospital signal light" has these warning levels:
LEVEL YELLOW is reached as soon as Bavaria-wide more than 1,200 patients with COVID-19 disease had to be admitted to hospitals within each of the last 7 days. This corresponds to a Bavaria-wide hospitalization incidence of 9.13 per 100,000 inhabitants.
Once Level Yellow is reached, the state government decides on more extensive measures, such as:
- Raising the mask standard to FFP2
- Contact restrictions
- Requirement to present a PCR test as proof of testing (except in schools)
- Person caps for public and private events
LEVEL RED is reached as soon as more than 600 patients with COVID-19 disease are in Bavarian intensive care units (the figures of the DIVI intensive care register are decisive).
As soon as LEVEL RED is reached, the state government will immediately decree further measures in addition to the regulations already in place for LEVEL YELLOW in order to prevent the then acute threat of overloading the healthcare system.
3G rule: Here it is currently valid
From a 7-day infection incidence of more than 35 in the county or in the independent city, the 3G principle applies indoors. Only those vaccinated ("geimpft" in German) , recovered ("genesen") or currently tested ("getestet) have personal access there.
This applies to:
- public and private facilities
- Sports facilities
- services where physical proximity to the customer is essential and which are not medical, therapeutic or nursing services (e.g. hairdressers)
- the entire cultural sector
- libraries and archives
- extracurricular educational opportunities such as music schools and adult education
- recreational facilities including spas, thermal baths, saunas, cable cars and excursion boats
- tourist coach services
There are exceptions for children who have not yet started school. Schoolchildren are considered to be tested with regard to regular tests at school.
In retirement and nursing homes, at trade fairs and at larger events with more than 1,000 people, 3G applies both indoors and outdoors, irrespective of incidence.
Excluded from the 3G principle are:
- Private rooms
- Public Transport
- Events exclusively outdoors up to 1,000 people
- religious services as well as gatherings in the sense of Art. 8 of the Basic Law
- Polling stations and registration offices
- Party events
The already known special regulations apply to schools and daycare centers.
Compliance with 3G rules must be monitored by the operator. Guests and visitors as well as operators who do not comply must expect a fine.
Contacts: General restrictions are omitted
Contact details are recorded here
A registration obligation for the follow-up of contacts in the event of an infection exists, among other things
- at all events with more than 1,000 persons
- in the gastronomy
- at service providers where physical proximity to the customer is indispensable
- in hotels, hostels, etc.
- at conferences, congresses, trade fairs,
- cultural events
- museums and exhibitions
- objects of the Bavarian Administration of State Palaces, Gardens and Lakes
- comparable cultural sites
- zoological and botanical gardens
Mask obligation: Where mask must be worn
Since September 2, the requirement to wear an FFP2 mask has been lifted; the new standard is the so-called "surgical mask". This is how the mask obligation will work in the future:
- In the open air, there will generally no longer be a mask requirement in the future. The only exceptions are the entrance and meeting areas of larger events (1,000 or more people).
- Conversely, masks will always be compulsory in enclosed areas. Private rooms are exempt, as is the space in the catering trade and any fixed seating or standing area, provided that it reliably maintains the minimum distance of 1.5 m from other fixed areas that are not occupied by members of the household. As before, the provisions of occupational health and safety law also apply to employees.
- In public transport and long-distance traffic, the mask requirement (surgical mask) applies without exception.
- Special regulations apply in schools and daycare centers as well as nursing homes and homes for the elderly.
If, however, the Bavarian hospital alert level reaches at least yellow, the Bavarian state government decides to raise the mask standard to FFP2.
The yellow warning level is reached when more than 1,200 patients with a COVID-19 illness had to be admitted to hospitals throughout Bavaria within the last 7 days in each case.
Gastronomy: Corona curfew not applicable
In the gastronomy, the previous corona-related curfew (previously 1 a.m.) and contact restrictions will no longer apply, so people from any number of households may sit at the table again. The registration obligation remains.
Here, too, the general regulations on 3G and the obligation to wear a mask will apply in the future:
- In open-air catering, there is no longer a mask requirement.
- In enclosed spaces, the 3G regulation applies, as well as a general mask obligation. At the place the mask can be taken off
What applies to public and private celebrations
The previous upper limits of persons for private and public celebrations are no longer applicable.
In enclosed spaces, the 3G rule (access only for those tested, vaccinated and recovered) applies to public and private events for special occasions above an incidence of 35.
Culture: This applies to museums, cinemas, theaters, castles and events
- Museums, exhibitions, zoological and botanical gardens, theaters cinemas, memorials, etc. can be opened to visitors with registration for contact tracking.
- The 3G rule (access only for tested, vaccinated and recovered) applies to cultural events in theaters, operas, concert halls, stages , cinemas, etc., provided they are held indoors.
In the area of cultural events, indoor masks are compulsory for spectators and masks are compulsory for performers and employees, although the mask may be removed at the fixed place, provided that the minimum distance can be maintained. For museums, exhibitions, memorials and comparable cultural sites, as well as for zoological and botanical gardens, masks are compulsory for visitors indoors.
The previous upper limits for persons at public events no longer apply.
For larger events (sports, culture, etc.) with more than 1,000 people, 3G applies both indoors and outdoors, regardless of incidence.
- Up to 5,000 persons, 100% of the capacity may be used.
- For the part exceeding 5,000 persons, 50% of the further capacity of the venue may be used
- A maximum of 25,000 people is permitted.
- Within this framework, unlimited standing room may also be designated
- If the minimum indoor distance is undercut, however, the general rules stipulate that masks must be worn at all times, which must be ensured by the event organizer. For this reason, there will also be a fine for organizers and participants
- For events with more than 1,000 persons, the organizer must not only prepare and observe an infection protection concept, but also submit it in advance to the district administrative authority for review without being requested to do so.
- For sporting and cultural events with more than 1,000 people, the following also applies: tickets may only be sold on a personalized basis; the sale, serving and consumption of alcoholic beverages is prohibited; obviously intoxicated persons may not be granted access.
Shopping and services: Limitation of the number of customers is omitted
In retail and services, the previous square-meter restrictions on customers or visitors have been eliminated since September 2.
The mask requirement is based on the general basic rule.
Hairdressers, chiropody and also other body-related services are permitted. The 3G rule (access only for tested, vaccinated and recovered persons) and registration requirements apply to services close to the body, such as hairdressers and nail salons.
Medically necessary treatments in doctors', dentists' and other practices are permitted.
Outdoor markets can sell all goods. Supraregional markets are permitted with appropriate protection and hygiene concepts.
Sports: 3G rule applies for indoor sports
The 3G rule applies to indoor sports; outdoor sports are permitted without test evidence. There are currently no upper limits on the number of people who can participate in sports.
However, masks must be worn in all indoor sports venues, except for immediate sports practice.
The same standards for spectator numbers apply to sporting events as to all other events (see above).
Schools, Day care centers, Universities: What applies now
- There will be attendance classes regardless of incidence.
- At the start of the new school year 2021/2022 (from September 14), masks will be compulsory as a special protective measure until further notice - even in the classroom. In elementary schools, fabric masks can be used as before, while teachers and students in grades 5 and above are required to wear a medical mask ("surgical mask").
- In elementary schools and special schools with a focus on mental development, physical and motor development, and vision, a PCR pool test ("lollipop test") is performed twice a week as soon as the organizational requirements are met, and a self-test is performed three times a week at secondary schools. As long as lollipop tests are not available at the elementary school, testing will also be carried out there three times a week.
- Fully vaccinated students 12 years of age and older are exempt from mandatory testing.
- If there is a case of infection in the class, quarantine should no longer be established for the entire class, but only for those students who had direct and unprotected close contact with the infected student. The quarantine can end after five days if the PCR test is negative. The health department decides on a case-by-case basis. Daily testing may be conducted on the remaining students in the class for a period of time.
- In day care centers, day care centers for children, vacation day care and organized play groups for children, regular operation is possible regardless of incidence.
- Two coronatests are to be offered for each child per week of care, or free pick-up of two self-tests from pharmacies is to be provided.
Institutions of higher education
- The general regulations on 3G and masking requirements apply to colleges. This means that for the coming semester face-to-face teaching will again be comprehensively possible
- However, according to the general rules, masks must also be worn in the classroom if the distance of 1.5 m is not maintained in the lecture halls.
Leisure: clubs and discos with opening perspective
- The 3G rule applies indoors to recreational facilities such as pools, spas, saunas, cable cars and excursion boats.
- The opening of outdoor swimming pools is permitted. Prerequisites are the observance of the corresponding framework hygiene concept.
- The opening of indoor swimming pools and saunas is allowed. Medical spas are also allowed to open.
- The operation of amusement parks and comparable fixed recreational facilities is permitted.
- Open-air playgrounds are open to children only when accompanied by adults.
- City and guest tours, show caves, visitor mines, mountain, cultural and nature tours are permitted.
- Libraries and archives may be opened.
- The operation of cable cars, river and lake navigation in excursion traffic, as well as tourist rail transport and tourist coach transport are permitted.
- Gambling halls, casinos and betting shops are allowed to open.
- Brothel establishments, other amusement establishments and similar recreational facilities are still closed.
- It is planned to reopen clubs and discotheques only from the beginning of October with a safety interval in view of travelers returning from the vacations. Access will then only be possible for those who have been vaccinated and have recovered, and for those who have been tested with a PCR test.
- Registration is mandatory for most recreational areas such as pools or adventure parks.
Hotel sector: New regulations since September 2
- In the area of accommodation, the previous restrictions according to which rooms may only be allocated within the framework of contact restrictions have been dropped since September 2
- Within the scope of 3G, it is sufficient here if tests are presented on arrival as before and every 72 hours thereafter. In all other respects the general regulations apply, in particular to the mask obligation
- Guests are allowed to use spa, therapy and wellness services offered by hotels, such as swimming pools (the 3G rule also applies here)
THE NIGHT CURFEW IN MUNICH HAS BEEN LIFTED SINCE MAY 11.
Since the federal emergency brake does no longer apply in Germany, there is no federal regulation on a curfew anymore - even if the incidence rating should be above 100.
In this case, the competent district administrative authorities can issue suitable infection protection measures by means of a general decree.
Meetings, church services and trade fairs
Church services and meetings indoor according to Art. 8 GG can be carried out in the future without the previous restrictions on the number of persons, if only vaccinated, recovered or tested persons participate in them (3G).
Otherwise, the previous restrictions according to the number of places will remain. The obligation to wear masks is based on the new general rules (this means that FFP2, in particular, will no longer apply).
For trade fairs, as in the retail sector, the area-dependent visitor limit will no longer apply. Instead, a new daily visitor cap of 50,000 people is introduced. 3G always applies. The mask requirement is based on the general basic rule.
Visiting rules for hospitals, nursing & retirement homes
- The 3G rule also applies to hospital visits.
- In old people's homes, full inpatient care facilities and for people with disabilities, there is an incidence-independent testing obligation for visitors and staff, unless proof of vaccination or convalescence can be provided. Staff are required to be tested twice a week.
- The special protective measures for the benefit of vulnerable groups in hospitals, old people's and nursing homes and similar facilities remain unaffected.
- Visitors are only permitted to enter the facilities wearing a mask.
- Accompanying the dying is permitted at all times.
Alcohol ban lifted - but ban on glass containers at hotspots
The ban on alcohol consumption in public spaces has been lifted. As of June 25, 2021, it will also no longer apply at Gärtnerplatz and Wedekindplatz.
However, a ban on glass containers at night now applies at these two locations. This also applies in the northern part of Türkenstraße, at Professor-Huber-Platz and in Veterinärstraße. The carrying and use of glass containers - such as bottles, glasses, jugs - at these three locations is prohibited between 8 p.m. and 6 a.m. the following day.
Exempt from the ban are the open-air bar areas of the catering trade during opening hours, as well as persons transporting glass containers to or from their homes or places of business.
Travel: These are the rules since August 1
Further regulations such as the obligation to register or the quarantine obligation depend on whether they are entering from a high-risk area or from a virus variant area.
Information on which states or regions are classified according to these categories can be found on the RKI website on a daily basis.
Obligatory testing for persons entering the country
- Since August 1, 2021, all persons entering Germany from the age of 12 must present a current test certificate when entering Germany, unless they have been vaccinated or have recovered. Until now, the testing requirement already applied to entry by air from any other country. Now it also applies to travel by train, bus, ship and individual transport, i.e. also by car.
- After a stay in a virus variant area, the obligation to prove a current negative test also applies to vaccinated and recovered persons.
Obligation to register for entry
- All persons who wish to enter the Federal Republic of Germany and who have stayed in a high-risk area or virus variant area in the ten days prior to entry must always register using the digital entry registration.
- If typical symptoms of an infection with the coronavirus SARS CoV-2 such as cough, fever, cold or loss of smell and taste occur within ten days after entry, the responsible district administrative authority (in Munich by e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org) must be informed immediately.
Quarantine obligation for entrants
For entrants from high-risk areas or or virus variant areas, there is also an obligation for domestic quarantine according to the regulations of the CoronaEinreiseV.
After a stay in a high-risk area, the quarantine period is generally 10 days. If you transmit a vaccination or convalescence certificate at www.einreiseanmeldung.de, the quarantine period ends prematurely at the time of transmission. The same applies in the case of transmission of a test proof - however, the testing may be carried out at the earliest 5 days after entry. So, in this case, the quarantine lasts at least 5 days.
For persons under 12 years of age, quarantine ends automatically (i.e. without test proof) at the end of the 5th day after entry.
After a stay in a virus variant area, the quarantine period lasts in principle 14 days. In this case, there is no possibility to terminate the quarantine prematurely by a negative test.
Exceptions and further information in the FAQ of the Federal Ministry of Health.
"Local border traffic":
For persons who have stayed in a high-risk area or virus variant area for less than 24 hours or who enter Germany for only up to 24 hours, the quarantine obligation does not apply, provided they have not stayed in a virus variant area for more than 24 hours within 10 days prior to entry.
Regulations for fully vaccinated persons
Fully vaccinated persons are treated the same as negatively tested persons under the Bavarian Infection Protection Measures Ordinance, starting from day 15 after completing their vaccination. Exceptions can be made for vulnerable groups.