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Formal Obligation

Foto: Harald Buchta  Link öffnet eine vergrößerte Darstellung des Bildes.
formal obligation
© Harald Buchta

Formal Obligation for Foreign Visitors ("Verpflichtungserklärung")

Visa applicants often have to submit a formal obligation („Verpflichtungserklärung“) at the German embassy or consulate abroad. If this document is required, the visitor's host has to make a formal pledge to cover any potential costs concerning the foreign guest.

By signing a formal obligation hosts agree to the following responsibilities:

  • to pay all costs of subsistence for the visitor
  • to refund any public resources, if the visitor should need social assistance (including accommodation, medical care, nursing care)
  • to pay any costs for removal procedures (if the visitor should have to be sent back to the country of origin by German authorities)

Hosts have to live in Germany. Non-EU nationals need to be holders of a permanent residence permit or a temporary residence permit exceeding the validity of the formal obligation. A formal obligation may also be signed by a company residing in Germany.

To sign a formal obligation, hosts have to apply in person with the following documents:

  • valid passport or ID
  • current proof of income:
    employed workers: salary statements of the past three months, pensioners: pension statement, freelance and self-employed workers: current tax certificate, tax consultant's statement of your net profit after tax covering the previous three months (if this statement is made without a professional tax consultant it requires your personal signature)
  • personal data of your visitor:
    surname and first name
    date and place of birth
    address (in country of origin)
    passport number (or copy of passport)

29 euros

Please note:

  • visa applicants need proof of a travel health insurance for Germany (provided by visitor or host)
  • hosts have to send the formal obligation (in original) to their visitor, who has to submit the document at the German embassy or consulate
  • the formal obligation should not be older than six months when the visa application is submitted
  • hosts must apply in person for a formal obligation and cannot engage or authorize a third person to act in their name
  • the German representation abroad is the competent authority for the visa procedure. Please contact the embassy or consulate for any questions regarding the visa application.
Foto: Harald Buchta  Link öffnet eine vergrößerte Darstellung des Bildes.
Quick-Service-Point ("Schnellschalter")
© Harald Buchta

Apply at the "Schnellschalter" (Quick-Service-Point)

Formal obligations are issued at the "Schnellschalter" on the first floor of our office building
in waiting area 5.

Opening hours:

Monday 7.30 to 12.00
Tuesday 8.30 to 12.00 and 14.00 to 18.00
Wednesday 7.30 to 12.00
Thursday 8.30 to 15.00
Friday 7.30 to 12.00