Local salaries and fees
Munich cost of living
High rents and property prices in Munich keep the city's cost of living higher than the national average. The challenge to companies is therefore to take account of this high cost of living in the wages and salaries they pay.
There are no specific cross-industry figures about wage and salary costs in Munich. A survey of the structure of earnings produced every five years by Destatis, the Federal Statistical Office, provides a measure of guidance by revealing average gross salaries for a number of professional groups in Germany (see the table below). The last survey was published in 2015.
In 2016, purchasing power in Munich was 37% higher than the national average. At the same time, the cost of living – and the cost of housing in particular – is very high. Nor can higher salaries than in other major German cities be expected in all industries. The following information and links may be of use to help you assess earnings possibilities.
One factor contributing to high wage levels in Munich is a plentiful supply of highly qualified jobs in the local economy. Munich has the highest percentage of university graduates (31.3%) on the German labor market. Given the structure of the economy, demand is therefore strong for specialists with technical qualifications and the status of master craftsmen or business administrators. Munich also provides an international workforce with well-paid MINT jobs and opportunities for employment as engineers and economists.
In sectors such as the civil service, where national or regional pay settlements apply, employees in the lower to middle income brackets in Munich are each paid a regional “agglomeration premium” (Ballungsraumzulage) or “Munich premium” (Münchenzulage) on top of their collectively agreed salary.
Average wage levels in Germany
The chart below shows average gross wage levels in Germany per hour (as of 2014) for selected professional groups. Depending on sectors and collective agreements, employees may receive additional bonuses on a yearly basis.
Please note that, depending on your salary, taxes may account for more than 50% of your gross salary. Accordingly, it is important never to confuse gross and net figures!
Profession // average gross wage/hour
Pilot € 61,02
Doctor € 41.21
Administrative officer € 19.70
Teacher, Social worker € 16.50
Office worker € 15.10
Warehouse / Mail / Transport worker € 12.24
Salesperson € 12.18
Bus driver, Truck driver € 11.45
Cleaning worker € 9.98
Waiter, Restaurant staff € 9.16
Hairdresser, Beautician € 9.05
Contributions to social insurance in Germany
Monthly contributions by employers and employees fund the German social insurance system.
The employer's total share of an employee's social insurance contributions comes to roughly 21% of the latter's gross wage. This figure breaks down into the following components (2015):
Components of social insurance // Percentage paid by the employer/employee
(% of gross compensation)1
18.7% pension insurance // 9.35% employer, 9.35% employee
14.6% health insurance // 7.3% employer, 7.3% employee 2
3.0% unemployment insurance // 1.5% employer, 1.5% employer
2.55% nursing care insurance // 1.275% employer, 1.275% employee 3
1.19% accident insurance // 1.19% employer 4
1 Plus minor allocations
2 Plus additional contribution
3 Childless employees aged above 23 years contribute an extra 0.25% to nursing care insurance
4 Average accident insurance contribution 2015 according to the German Social Accident Insurance (DGUV)
Source: Germany Trade and Invest
Last updated 11/2017
For further research
Destatis - the German Federal Statistical Office
For further research
Statista - the world's largest statistics portal
Statista are based in New York. They aggregate data from over 18,000 sources for professional research:
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Comparative salary data by city or professional group
(in German only)