Higher education, prestigious institutes
Seventeen institutes of higher education single Munich out as the second-biggest university hub in Germany. The Ludwig Maximilians University (LMU) and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) rank among the very top universities worldwide. Respected research organizations are likewise headquartered in the Bavarian capital.
In the winter semester 2018/19, a total of 131,000 students were enrolled at Munich's universities. The LMU and the TUM have achieved stand-out positions in the Excellence Initiative launched in 2006 by the country's federal and regional governments.
Both were among the first to be designated as “elite universities”, and both remain singularly successful in acquiring external funding for their postgraduate schools, clusters of excellence and forward-looking concepts. The current focus is on the following four research clusters:
- Cluster e-conversion - research into a stable, efficient and sustainable energy supply
- Cluster MCQST - Munich Center for Quantum Science and Technology
- Cluster ORIGINS - research into the innermost structure of the universe and the origins of life
- Cluster SyNErgy - linking cross-sector research in systems biology, bioinformatics, neuroscience and clinical neurology
The students from Munich’s universities form a rich pool of experts. The close interplay of science, research and business creates the ideal conditions for innovative ideas, products and processes.
The following renowned research institutions have a strong presence in Munich:
- the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, comprising the administrative headquarters and four institutes
- the Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science, comprising the administrative headquarters and twelve institutes in the Munich region
- the Helmholtz Center – German Research Center for Environmental Health
- the German Aerospace Center (DLR) at Oberpfaffenhofen
- the Deutscher Wetterdienst
- Institutions belonging to the Leibniz Association (e.g. Deutsches Museum, ifo Institute).
Knowledge transfer between research and business
In total, around 70 scientific, research and innovation-focused institutions are based in Munich. There are also numerous company-based research centers. Thanks to close cooperation between these players, Munich is counted among Europe’s top ten most important regions for 27 of 35 key innovation areas.
Munich’s economy boasts a total of 28,600 jobs with mandatory social insurance contributions in the area of research and development (R&D), which accounts for 3.6% of all employees and is thus almost three times higher than the national German average. In the City of Munich, the R&D sector is responsible for 4.6 billion euros in added value.
* cf. Munich as a research and innovation center 2019 – Abridged version (DE).
Last updated: December 2019