Higher education, prestigious institutes
Seventeen institutes of higher education single Munich out as the second-biggest university hub in Germany. The Ludwig Maximilians University (LMU) and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) rank among the very top universities worldwide. Respected research organizations are likewise headquartered in the Bavarian capital.
In the winter semester 2017/18, a total of 120,733 students were enrolled at Munich's universities. The LMU and the TUM have achieved stand-out positions in the Excellence Initiative launched in 2006 by the country's federal and regional governments. Both were among the first to be designated as “elite universities”, and both remain singularly successful in acquiring external funding for their postgraduate schools, clusters of excellence and forward-looking concepts.
Other prestigious institutions such as the Fraunhofer Society and the Max Planck Society have based their general administrative headquarters and a dozen individual institutes in and around Munich. These organizations play a pivotal role in the region's research landscape. Other key players include the German Research Center for Environmental Health and Oberpfaffenhofen-based DLR, Germany's national aeronautics and space research center.
The students at Munich's universities constitute a wealth of future experts for the labor market. Close collaboration between the scientific, research and corporate communities in Munich thus creates ideal conditions for innovative ideas, products and processes.
Around 33,500 people in the Munich Metropolitan Region (EMM) are employed by knowledge organizations. A total spend of EUR 2.7 billion on materials, personnel and investments helps these scientific establishments provide powerful economic stimulus to the entire EMM region – as well as giving work to another nearly 59,000 people.
Like their peers in Munich itself, companies in the wider Metropolitan Region maintain a strong focus on research and development (R&D). The EMM is thus one of the most research-intensive metropolitan regions in Germany – in terms of both the number of people employed in R&D and the budget that companies devote to research and development. The proportion of socially insured R&D employees in the EMM region is almost twice as high as the national average.
Last updated: May 2019