Schools in Munich
In Germany each federal state is responsible for their education system. It is mandatory for every child between the age of 6 and 15 to attend school. The following describes the Bavarian education system. School types and curricula differ slightly from state to state.
There are no fees to pay, although parents must bear the costs of exercise books and other teaching materials; text books, in turn, are provided by the school. Generally, children in Germany only have school in the morning, although the Bavarian government is going to raise the number of all-day state schools in the next few years. Exceptions are private schools and international schools where children have to study the whole day. At these institutions, a fee is usually required.
Primary School (Grundschule)
In the first four years, all children learn together in primary school. After primary school there are basically three types of secondary schools: Hauptschule, Realschule and Gymnasium. The child\'s performance at primary school determines which type of school they attend afterwards. There are no important exams at the end of year 4, but rather continuous assessment by means of regular little tests. If the average mark at the end of year 4 is a 2.0 or above, the child can be accepted to any Gymnasium in Bavaria. If the average is not achieved, the child may attend a probationary class for a few days at a Gymnasium, at the end of which the teacher decides whether the child is accepted into the school.
More Information about primary schools (German)
1) Mittelschule (formerly Hauptschule)
A Mittelschule is a secondary school which prepares students for an apprenticeship. Basic skills, including a foreign language, are taught. The programme ends after the 9th or 10th year of schooling with the “Hauptschule” certificate ("Mittlerer Schulabschluss").
More about Mittelschulen in Munich (German)
Approximately a quarter of the children in Germany attend a Realschule. The education is less academic than in a Gymnasium. Students leave Realschule after the 10th grade with the so called "Mittlere Reife", equivalent to GCSE in Britain. After that they have several options, e.g. start an apprenticeship, attend vocational school or obtain the qualification to attend a polytechnic/university of applied sciences.
More about Realschulen in Munich (German)
A Gymnasium offers the most academic secondary education in Germany and is comparable to grammar schools in the U.K. Children are supposed to attend this school until completing their "Abitur", formerly after year 13, since 2011 in Bavaria (School reform) after year 12. The "Abitur" is a prerequisite to enter a German university. Students have to study at least two foreign languages, maths, science, history, geography, social sciences, economics and a few other subjects. The broad and wide-ranging education enables students to obtain general knowledge in various fields. It allows specialisation only to a small extent, but the "Abitur" entitles the student to read any subject at university. Thus students do not have to decide about their future careers until they leave school.
More about Gymnasien in Munich (German)
Munich International Schools
In International Schools teaching is often done in English, French or Spanish. They are open to German and international students. The International Schools in Munich are mostly all-day and require fees.
- European School
- Munich International School
- Bavarian International School
- English Montessori Preschool
- Link to International Bilingual School Munich (IBSM)
Bavarian school holidays change from year to year, so the following dates are only a guideline and subject to change:
Allerheiligenferien (All Saints): the week around 1 November or prior to it
Weihnachtsferien (Christmas): around 23 December - 6 January
Faschingsferien (Carnival): the week around Ash Wednesday
Osterferien (Easter): the week before and the week after Easter Sunday
Pfingstferien (Pentecost): the two weeks after Pentecost Sunday
Sommerferien (Summer): 6 weeks between late July and early/mid-September