When the city's food market grew too large for the Marienplatz central square, King Maximilian I issued a decree in 1807 to have it moved a few meters towards the south-east. It was erected at the square between Heiliggeist-Kirche and Frauenstrasse. Charity buildings that once belonged to the church were demolished to make way for the market square or "Marktplatz", which later became known as "Viktualienmarkt" or Victuals market.
In 1823, the market got larger again, and over the years a number of market halls were added. Schrannenhalle, the precursor to today's "Großmarkthalle" or Great Market Hall, burnt down in 1932 and was reopened in 2005. A butchers' hall, fish hall, pavilions for bakeries and fruit vendors, stands for fowl and venison, and flower shops were added.
After World War II, the market place was revived by the city administration and the citizens of Munich enriched it with memorial wells for folk singers and comedians such as Karl Valentin, Weiß Ferdl and Liesl Karlstadt. It's worthy to note that water has always played an important role on the market square. In fact, 7 brooks, which were connected to the river Isar, flowed across the square years ago.
The Maypole at the center, carries figurettes that display the trades and crafts from this part of Munich. Maypoles date from ancient times and represent a village or borough and its trade - also for traveling salesmen or craftsmen looking for a new master to learn from. Maypoles are common to Celtic countries and therefore to Bavaria as well. They are also popular in some parts of England.
Haxnbauer im Scholastikahaus
A great blend of rustic and modern - the restaurant Haxnbauer im Scholastikahaus near Marienplatz and Viktualienmarkt is a popular meeting place for Munich locals and guests from all over the world. The "Haxengrill" is the uncontested heart of the inn. Pork knuckles and veal joints seasoned with a secret mix of spices and grilled over beech wood charcoal are served as crispy delicacies. Typical Munich cuisine and contemporary meals are dished up in the historical building. See additional information here
Over the years, the market has evolved from just a farmers' market to a popular market for fresh food and delicacies. It offers exotic ingredients that are not available anywhere else in the area, and is renowned for its diversity and size. There are 140 stalls and shops offering flowers and plants, fruits and vegetables, venison and fowl, eggs, butter, honey, fish, meat, Sausages, herbs, spices, delicatessens, wine and tea assembled on an area covering 22,000 square meters.
Furthermore, if you wish to check out items that are not strictly under the food category, you can go to the summer markets that have sprung up due to the "Summer in the City" 2020 event in Munich. The Association of Market Merchants and Showmen are organizing a program in 4 Munich locations - Mariahilfplatz, Orleansplatz, Weißenburger Platz and Wittelsbacherplatz - which are about a 10 minutes drive from the Viktualienmarkt. In addition to Bavarian delicacies, shopping offers, traditional costumes and dishes, there are lots more in these places. See more details here!